Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a serious medical condition and is the seventh leading cause of death1 in Singapore. It encompasses two chronic lung diseases; bronchitis and emphysema.
The most commonly encountered risk factor for COPD is tobacco smoke, while other non-smoking risk included occupational dust particles, air pollution, chemicals, bacteria and virus infection. Tobacco smoking continues to be a major cause of COPD (80%-90%). Medical professionals point out that COPD is easy to be ignored due to the lack of symptoms in the initial stage and it is not curable, hence quit smoking is the best way to preven COPD.2
1. Singapore Ministry of Health; Health Facts Singapore; June 2005;http://www.moh.gov.sg/corp/publications/statistics/principal.do
2. Hong Kong Lung Foundation (Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Dieases 2007)